Presentation of current trends in the field of railway axle design, mainly with regard to the reduction of operating costs.
The axle design has undergone a long development. Since the First World War, axles have undergone significant evolution and even today new trends in their design are emerging, bearing in mind the need to reduce life-cycle costs. The presentation points at some modern elements that will influence the development of axle design in the near future.
What you will learn?